Welcome to the UTPB Journal of Undergraduate Research. With this journal we hope to share our students’ research with the campus, region, nation, and wider global community. We publish not only abstracts of posters and presentations from our undergraduate research day, but also the actual posters, presentation slides, and full-length papers resulting from our students’ research. We look forward to beginning a fruitful conversation based on research and scholarship in all disciplines done by the undergraduate students of the University of Texas Permian Basin.Aim: The aim of the UTPB Journal of Undergraduate Research is to share the best research occurring at the undergraduate level at the University of Texas of the Permian Basin with the global community. The UTPB Journal of Undergraduate Research is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal covering undergraduate research in the physical and social sciences, arts, and humanities.