Learning Through Research

Undergraduate Research Highlights

Undergraduate Research Highlights

Psychology Highlights

Total Listing: 69 (Listed by the order of record adding time, Descending)

( 1 )

Recorded at: 12/21/2016
Title “Boys Don’t Cry”—Or Do They? Adult Attitudes Toward and Beliefs about Transgender Youth
Citation Sex Roles., 2016; 75: 5:197-214, Elischberger HB, Glazier JJ, Hill ED, Verduzco-Baker L. Albion College
Description This study examined the attitudes and behavioral intentions of U.S. adults toward transgender youth. Participants reported favorable attitudes but expressed hesitation to allow a transgender child to use the restroom aligned with their gender. Attitudes were less positive in respondents with a religious affiliation, conservative political views, stronger conformity to traditional gender norms, and stronger belief in environmental versus biological causes of transgender identity. Behavioral intentions were driven by attitudes and causal attributions, age, and--for women--personal connections to the transgender community. We discuss implications for the discourse surrounding transgender youth and the need for educating the public on the development of gender identity as well as the difference between gender identity and sexual orientation.
Faculty Holger Elischberger is an associate professor of psychological science.
Student Jessica Glazier undertook this project as her senior honors thesis in 2015; she is currently working as a research lab coordinator at the University of Michigan and is applying to PhD programs in clinical psychology.
Funding Albion College's Foundation for Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (FURSCA).

( 2 )

Recorded at: 12/21/2016
Title Adults’ Views on Mathematics Education: A Midwest Sample.
Citation European Journal for Science and Mathematics Education., 2016; 4: 155-160, Brez, CC, Allen, J. Indiana State University
Description This study addressed adults' beliefs and attitudes regarding math and math education in the United States. While we know about students' beliefs about math, we don't know as much about the greater population's views regarding this topic. Understanding the public's opinion is important for teachers who are trying to understand parent's attitudes toward math (specifically helping their children with math) as well as understanding support for public policy regarding math education.
Faculty Caitlin Brez is an assistant professor of psychology.
Student Jessica Allen worked on this project as a senior taking Psy 486 (a research practicum course). As part of her coursework, she worked as a research assistant in Brez's laboratory and completed data analysis for this project. She continued to work with Brez after graduation to prepare the manuscript for publication. Allen currently is a graduate student in the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program at Indiana State University.

( 3 )

Recorded at: 9/28/2016
Title The Effect of Display Timing on Change Blindness in Pigeons (Columba livia)
Citation Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2016; 105: 1:85-99, Herbranson WT, Davis, ET. Whitman College
Description Change blindness is a phenomenon in which even obvious changes in a visual scene may go unnoticed. Recent research has indicated that this phenomenon may not be exclusive to humans. Two experiments investigated change blindness in pigeons, using a variant of the widely used flicker task to investigate the influence of display timing on change blindness. Results indicate that the duration of time during which a stimulus display is visible influences change detection accuracy, with the effect due to additional search time. The results emphasize the value of comparative cognition and cross-species investigations of behavior.
Faculty Walter Herbranson is a professor of psychology and Ladley Endowed Chair of Cognitive Science
Student Eva Davis completed this research as part of a summer 2014 research opportunity.
Funding The project was funded by a Louis B. Perry research award from Whitman College.

( 4 )

Recorded at: 9/28/2016
Title Cultural Stereotypes of Disabled and Non-disabled Men and Women: Consensus for Global Category Representations and Diagnostic Domains
Citation British Journal of Social Psychology, 2010; 49: 471-488, Redmond MN, Goodrich B. Schaefer M.. Hiram College
Description The present study examined the stereotypes disabled people face from society. The study tested several disabled persons with a questionnaire asking about their daily experiences being stereotyped by members of society. Several reoccurring themes were found through the responses with most societal members viewing them as dependent, asexual, unattractive, weak, and incompetent. This study provided more knowledge about disabled persons for all individuals in society.
Faculty Dr. Michelle Nario-Redmond is an associate professor of psychology.
Student Brianne Goodrich, a senior biomedical humanities major, and Megan Schaefer, a junior biomedical humanities major, participated in the study for independent research internship credit. Goodrich plans to attend graduate school in a health-care field. Schaefer is entering her senior year at Hiram College, seeking opportunities to work with individuals with developmental disabilities.
Funding This research was supported by Redmond, the Hiram College Department of Biomedical Humanities, and the Department of Psychology.

( 5 )

Recorded at: 9/22/2016
Title Causal Inference from Descriptions of Experimental and Non-experimental Research: Public Understanding of Correlation-versus-Causation
Citation Journal of General Psychology, 2015; 142: 48-70, Bleske-Rechek A, Morrison K, Heidtke L.. University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
Description In three different studies, we presented people with one of four research vignettes generated from the combination of two independent variables: whether the vignette described an experimental or non-experimental design, and whether the vignette revealed a positive or negative association. Upon reading their vignette, participants selected from a number of potential inferences that could be drawn from the findings. Participants drew causal inferences from non-experimental vignettes as often as they did from experimental vignettes, especially when inferences matched intuitive notions. Our findings imply that people in the community regularly conflate correlation with causation; we suggest that those who conduct research and represent research to others need to explicitly address the conclusions that can and cannot be drawn from their findings.
Faculty April Bleske-Rechek is a professor of psychology.
Student Katelyn Morrison graduated from UWEC in 2014 and now works in health-care administration. Luke Heidtke graduated in 2014 and is currently pursuing his master’s degree in counseling at UW-Stout.
Funding Students were funded by summer research experience grants from the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire.

( 6 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title Identifying words that emerge into consciousness: Effects of word valence and unconscious previewing
Citation Consciousness and Cognition, 2015; 35: 88-97, Prioli, SC, Kahan, TA.. Bates College
Description We examine word reading in continuous flash suppression (CFS) and binocular viewing Reaction times were greater for words of negative relative to neutral valence when viewed in CFS Reaction times were less to words of negative relative to neutral valence when shown binocularly Results extend prior findings with Chinese words to English Data support there being cognitive aftereffects after previewing stimuli in CFS
Faculty Todd Kahan is a professor of psychology at Bates College.
Student Simone Prioli is in the process of applying to Physician Assistant schools.
Funding Portions of this project were completed with support to T. A. Kahan by a James McKeen Cattell Fund Fellowship.

( 7 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title Biological significance in human causal learning
Citation Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 2015; 1: John P, Pineno O.. Hofstra University
Description The present study was conducted to assess the influence of fearful cues on human causal learning, specifically on a learning reversal procedure following by spontaneous recovery. The study found that spontaneous recovery was stronger with high-fear cues than with low-fear cues. This research has implications for the clinical treatment of fears.
Faculty Oskar Pineno is an associate professor of psychology
Student Prescilla John is currently at Columbia University and is seeking to join a Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology.

( 8 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title The impact of childhood emotional abuse and experiential avoidance on maladaptive problem solving and intimate partner violence.
Citation Behavioral Sciences., 2015; 5: 154-175, Bell KM, Higgins L.. Capital University
Description The purpose of the current study was to examine the joint influences of experiential avoidance and social problem solving on the link between childhood emotional abuse (CEA) and intimate partner violence (IPV). As part of a larger study, 232 women recruited from the community completed measures assessing childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, experiential avoidance, maladaptive social problem solving, and IPV perpetration and victimization. Findings suggest that CEA may lead some women to avoid unwanted internal experiences, which may adversely impact their ability to effectively problem solve in social situations and increase IPV risk.
Faculty Kathryn Bell is an associate professor of psychology
Student Lorrin Higgins conducted this secondary data analysis project for no course credit in order to gain research experience prior to applying for graduate school. She began the project in Spring 2013 and presented the findings at the annual convention for the Association for the Advancement of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies in November 2013 in Nashville, TN. Lorrin Higgins graduated from Capital University in May 2015. She plans to apply to graduate school in clinical psychology.
Funding Initial data collection was funded by Northern Illinois University with support of the Center for Family Violence and Sexual Assault. Travel to present findings was partially supported by Capital University.

( 9 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title The Relationship Between Participation in Alcoholics Anonymous and Social Anxiety
Citation Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 2015; 20: 2:97-101, Moser JC, Turk CL, Glover JG. Washburn University
Description The current study examined how participation in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and social anxiety affects individuals with an Alcohol Use Disorder throughout the recovery timeline. Significant results supported the hypothesis that social anxiety would have a negative impact on long-term participation in AA and long-term sobriety. Furthermore, the results showed that participants who maintained long-term participation in AA demonstrated lower social anxiety.
Faculty Cindy Turk is a professor of Psychology at Washburn University. Jenna Glover is an online instructor at Utah State University.
Student Jared Moser completed this project in the Fall of 2013 for his Senior Capstone project. Jared is currently enrolled in the master's program in clinical psychology at Washburn University.
Funding This research was supported in part by grants from the Washburn University Transformational Experience.

( 10 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title Emerging adulthood: A college student, middle-class perk?
Citation Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research., 2015; 20: 2:80-85, Smith RL, Carroll AM, Callaghan KT, Rowcliffe MA, Sullivan MA, Steckler DC.. University of Mary Washington
Description Jeffrey Arnett (2000) postulated that many people between the ages of 18 and 29 experience the psychosocial developmental stage of emerging adulthood (EA). It has been suggested that EA might be limited to individuals with certain life experiences and socioeconomic statuses; thus, the present study investigated how income and education influence EA traits. The results of the present study indicated EA is experienced by individuals with higher levels of education and a middle class financial background, implying that the experience of EA is contingent on particular life circumstances. Our study provides a greater understanding of EA and the ways in which this developmental stage is experienced.
Faculty Dr. Debra Steckler is the Chair of the Psychology department and an associate professor of psychology.
Student Rebecca Smith graduated with her Master of Social Work from Virginia Commonwealth University in May 2015. Ann Carroll graduated with her Master of Science in Speech Language Pathology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in May 2015. Kathryn Callaghan is currently pursuing her Master of Science in Speech Language Pathology at James Madison University. Mara Rowcliffe is pursuing her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at the Florida Institute of Technology. Molly Sullivan is pursuing her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from George Mason University. All student authors completed the present study through an independent research course at the University of Mary Washington from Fall 2012 to Spring 2013.

( 11 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title Identifying words that emerge into consciousness: Effects of word valence and unconscious previewing
Citation Consciousness and Cognition., 2015; 35: 88-97, Simone C. Prioli and Todd A. Kahan. Bates College
Description We examine word reading in continuous flash suppression (CFS) and binocular viewing Reaction times were greater for words of negative relative to neutral valence when viewed in CFS Reaction times were less to words of negative relative to neutral valence when shown binocularly Results extend prior findings with Chinese words to English Data support there being cognitive aftereffects after previewing stimuli in CFS
Faculty Todd Kahan is a professor of psychology at Bates College.
Student Simone Prioli is in the process of applying to Physician Assistant schools.
Funding Portions of this project were completed with support to T. A. Kahan by a James McKeen Cattell Fund Fellowship.

( 12 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title Working it out: Examining the psychological effects of music on moderate intensity exercise.
Citation Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 2015; 20: 2:73-79, Campbell CR, White KR.. Columbus State University
Description Exercise has been demonstrated to benefit mood, and the present study investigated whether listening to music during exercise significantly increases this effect. Participants were assigned to exercise at a moderate-intensity with or without a personal music player, and while all participants experienced significant mood increases following exercise, those listening to music reported significantly higher mood pleasantness and exercise enjoyment than those who exercised without music.
Faculty Dr. Katherine White is an assistant professor of psychology.
Student Caroline Campbell began this project as a junior psychology major for her research methods course and continued to develop it through an independent study for her honors thesis project. Caroline is currently a medical student at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University.

( 13 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title Avoiding affection, avoiding altruism: Why is avoidant attachment related to less helping?
Citation Personality and Individual Differences, 2015; 76: 193-197, Richman SB, DeWall CN, Wolff MN.. University of Kentucky
Description The present study examined the reasons why people who are avoidantly attached help less often and perceive the costs of helping as more severe than those who are securely attached. Using a representative sample of American adults on Mechanical Turk, we found that avoidant attachment related to donating less money to human- and animal-related charities but not to an environmental charity (one that does not foster environmental closeness). This relationship was mediated by empathy. Using a sample of college students, we found that people who were avoidantly attached and believed their emotions were temporarily unchangeable helped as much as securely attached people. Thus, reducing the potential emotional cost of helping increases helping amongst people who are avoidantly attached.
Faculty Stephanie Richman is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Psychology. Nathan DeWall is a Professor of Psychology.
Student Michelle Wolff was an undergraduate student at the University of Kentucky when she undertook this work as a part of her research assistantship in the lab. She has now graduated and is currently employed.
Funding There was no funding involved in this work.

( 14 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title Changing Physical Appearance Preferences in the United Arab Emirates
Citation Mental Health, Religion & Culture., 2014; 17: 6:594-600, Thomas J, Al Marzooqi FH, Tahboub-Schulte S, Furber SM.. Zayed University
Description This study explored changes in physical appearance preferences in the United Arab Emirates. Interviews were undertaken with khatabaat (marriage brokers), who reported the attributes requested by those seeking wives, both now, and in the past. There were stark differences between the past and present. The findings are discussed in the context body image and eating-related problems.
Faculty Justin Thomas is an associate professor of psychology in the department of Natural Science and Public Health at Zayed University
Student Al Marzooqi FH (Fatima) was an integral collaborator on this project, she conducted all the interviews in her capacity as undergraduate research assistant. Fatima presented at BCUR in 2014 and is now presently a graduate student at Masdar Institute of Science and Technology (MIST) in Abu Dhabi. Fatima was also a graduate of the Zayed University Undergraduate Research Scholars Program
Funding NA

( 15 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title The Relationship Between Taste Sensitivity to Phenylthiocarbamide and Anhedonia
Citation Psychiatry Research, 2014; 215: 2:444-447, Thomas J, Al-Mesaabi W, Bahusain E, Mutawa M.. Zayed University
Description The ability to detect the taste of phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) is used as a genetic marker of overall taste sensitivity. This study explored the relationship between taste sensitivity and anhedonia (loss of pleasure), a key symptom of major depressive disorder. Heightened taste sensitivity was associated with lower anhedonia scores. Diminished taste sensitivity may be risk factor for depression.
Faculty Justin Thomas is an associate professor of psychology in the department of Natural Science and Public Health at Zayed University
Student Al-Mesaabi W, Bahusain E, Mutawa M. were Health Science students at Zayed University. This study was undertaken 2012/13 and all three students acted as research assistants collecting data and commenting on manuscript drafts.
Funding Emirates Foundation Research Grant

( 16 )

Recorded at: 3/7/2016
Title High Interest in a Long-Acting Injectable Formulation of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV in Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in NYC: A P18 Cohort Substudy
Citation PLOS ONE., 2014; 9: 12:Meyers K, Rodriguez K, Moeller RW, Gratch I, Markowitz M, Halkitis PN.. New York University
Description The present study explored interest levels in a long-acting injectable pre-exposure prophylaxis (LAI-PrEP) agent for HIV-1 infection among a racially-ethnically diverse cohort of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Participants were asked about their willingness to use LAI-PrEP and about their preference for PrEP administration. Over 80% of participants expressed willingness to use LAI-PrEP, and 79.2% preferred the long-acting injectable administration compared to a daily pill or neither.
Faculty Robert Moeller is an assistant professor of psychology.
Student Ilana Gratch conducted this research in the summer of 2013 through an internship at NYU. Ilana Gratch is currently a junior psychology major at Middlebury College.
Funding The research was supported by the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center.

( 17 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Community college students with learning disabilities: Evidence of impairment, possible misclassification, and a documentation disconnect
Citation Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2014; 47: 6:556-568, Weis, R, Speridakos, EC, Ludwig, K. Denison University
Description We examined neuropsychological functioning of 359 college students with specific learning disabilities (SLD). Most students met objective criteria (82.3%) for SLD. Most students also showed Average intellectual functioning and Below-Average to Borderline academic achievement. However, 27.3% showed uniformly low ability and achievement scores, suggesting possible misclassification. Students who failed to meet objective criteria for SLD often submitted invalid test data. Our findings provide initial evidence of a disconnect between the qualitative documentation that secondary schools provide and the quantitative documentation that postsecondary institutions require for SLD classification.
Faculty Robert Weis is an associate professor of psychology.
Student Elena Speridakos is currently a teacher at the University Child Development School. Kate Ludwig attends the physician assistant graduate program at Marietta College.
Funding Students were funded by the Denison Summer Science Research Program.

( 18 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Urinary Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor as a Biomarker of Executive Functioning
Citation Neuropsychobiology., 2014; 69: 4:227-234, Koven NS, Collins LR.. Bates College
Description This study examined whether urinary levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), adjusted for creatinine level, related to performance on a clinical neuropsychological battery of executive function tests in a sample of healthy young adults. Controlling for sex and IQ, we found that higher BDNF levels were associated with better performance in cognitive flexibility but not with performance in other domains of executive functioning. This is the first known study to validate the use of urinary BDNF assay as a peripheral biomarker of human cognition.
Faculty Nancy S. Koven is an Associate Professor of Psychology and Chair of the Neuroscience Program.
Student Larisa R. Collins completed this work in 2012-2013 as part of her senior thesis project; she is currently a research assistant in the Geriatric Neurobehavioral Clinic of Massachusetts General Hospital.
Funding The research was supported by a grant to Larisa R. Collins from the Maximilian E. and Marion O. Hoffman Foundation.

( 19 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Current versus ideal skin tones and tanning behaviors in Caucasian college women
Citation Journal of American College Health., 2014; 62: 588-591, Hemrich A, Pawlow L, Segrist D, Pomerantz A.. Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
Description This study explored salon tanning behaviors in women. 62% tanned at least once per week, with an average frequency of 2.5 visits per week. 13% endorsed regularly tanning 4 or more times per week, and 26% reported visiting a tanning bed more than once in a 24-hour period. 94% wished their skin tone was darker, and ideal tone was significantly darker than current tone, suggesting that young women’s skin tone dissatisfaction leads the majority to engage in risky, potentially cancer-causing behavior.
Faculty Laura Pawlow and Dan Segrist are Associate Professors and Andy Pomerantz is a Professor of psychology.
Student Ashley Hemrich, a senior psychology major, conducted this project as her honor’s thesis (unfunded). Ashley also completed her master’s degree at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville and is currently employed in the university’s counseling center.

( 20 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Face and Body: Independent Predictors of Women’s Attractiveness
Citation Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2014; 43: 7:1355-1365, Bleske-Rechek A, Kolb C, Stern A, Quigley K, Nelson L.. University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
Description Women’s faces and bodies are thought to provide cues to women’s age, health, fertility, and personality. We investigated the degree to which ratings of women’s faces and bodies independently predicted ratings of women’s full-body attractiveness. In Study 1 (N = 84), women were photographed in street clothes; in Study 2 (N = 74), in a solid-colored two-piece swimsuit. We cropped each woman’s photo into an additional face-only photo and body-only photo; then, independent raters judged women’s pictures. When dressed in original clothes, women’s face-only ratings were better independent predictors of full-body attractiveness ratings than body-only ratings. When cues displayed in women’s bodies were made conspicuous by swimsuits, ratings of faces and bodies were similarly strong predictors of full-body attractiveness ratings.
Faculty Dr. April Bleske-Rechek is a professor of psychology.
Student Carrie Kolb was a psychology/biology major now at optometry school in Chicago. Amy Stern went on to pursue her master’s in psychology at Cal State- Fullerton and is now a part-time lecturer at UWEC (Psyc courses). Katey Quigley went on to pursue her master’s in counseling psychology at Ball State University. Lyndsay Nelson just finished her PhD at East Tennessee State University.

( 21 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Warzone stressor exposure, unit cohesion, and emotional distress among U.S. Air Force pararescuemen.
Citation Journal of Special Operations Medicine., 2014; 14: 26-34, Armstrong EL, Bryan CJ, Stephenson JA, Bryan AO, Morrow CE.. University of Utah
Description Combat exposure is associated with increased mental health symptom severity among military personnel, whereas unit support is associated with decreased severity. However, to date no studies have examined these relationships among U.S. Air Force pararescuemen, a unique and specialized career field that serves in both medical and combatant capacities. Results of this study indicated that medical-related stressors contribute more to PTSD among pararescuemen than traditional combat-related stressors, and that unit support is associated with reduced PTSD and depression severity regardless of intensity of warzone exposure among pararescuemen.
Faculty Craig J. Bryan is an Assistant Professor of Psychology.
Student Erica Armstrong is currently a senior in the department of psychology. She started volunteering in our lab as a student research associate in our lab during the 2011-2012 academic year, and continues to work in our lab now. Erica worked on this now-published study with funding received from the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program..
Funding The research was supported by the Department of the Air Force.

( 22 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title A Comparison of Listening Effort in Individuals with Cochlear Implants and Normal Hearing
Citation 2014; Perreau, A, Tatge, BR.. Augustana College
Description The present study examined how listening effort affects individuals with hearing loss using CIs compared to individuals who have normal hearing. A dual-task paradigm was used to measure listening effort, which consisted of a primary auditory task measuring speech perception in percent correct, and a secondary visual task to assess reaction time measured in msec. The results found that there were significant differences between the CI users and participants with normal hearing for both the speech perception scores and the visual task reaction times, showing higher levels of listening effort in CI users.
Faculty Dr. Ann Perreau is an assistant professor of communication sciences and disorders.
Student Bailey Tatge, a senior communication sciences and disorders and psychology major, participated in the research during the summer of 2014 for credit of her senior inquiry thesis in fall of 2014. She is currently still enrolled at Augustana College and is in the process of applying to graduate programs for Audiology.
Funding The New Faculty Research Award supported this research.

( 23 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Invalid Retro-Cues Can Eliminate the Retro-Cue Benefit: Evidence for a Hybridized Account
Citation Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2014; Gozenman, F., Tanoue, R. T., Metoyer, T., & Berryhill, M. E.. University of Nevada, Reno
Description Visual Working Memory (VWM) provides a mental workspace to maintain information for immediate use. VWM is limited such that we can only hold on to ~4 items at a time. Because VWM is essential for many cognitive tasks there is interest in maximizing and improving VWM performance. For example, when we are cued to remember a certain item our VWM is improved for that item - even if the cue comes after the items are no longer visible. This type of retrospective cueing (retro-cues) effectively improves VWM compared to conditions where a neutral cue is provided, but the full mechanism of how this works is not known. Here, we asked whether inaccurate retro-cues would eliminate the benefit of accurate retro-cues. Our results showed that the retro-cue benefit remained consistent in magnitude regardless of whether some of the retro-cues were inaccurate. However, inaccurate retro-cue trials showed that VWM for the cued item was less accurate and showed significant decay. These results help us to understand how internal attention mechanisms interact with VWM. These data summarize a series of experiments conducted over several years and involving graduate and undergraduate students.
Faculty This work was conducted in the Memory and Brain Laboratory directed by Marian E. Berryhill, assistant professor of Psychology Department in University of Nevada, Reno.
Student Current graduate student Gozenman and former graduate student Tanoe (currently head coach of riflery at Ohio State University) conducted this research. UNR alumna Metoyer collected these data in the Memory and Brain Laboratory between 2011 and 2012 as an undergraduate research assistant for the "Undergraduate Research" course.
Funding This research was supported by start-up funds provided by the University and by grant funding from the National Institutes of Health which were awarded to Berryhill

( 24 )

Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Psychological Data from an Exploration of the Rapport / Synchrony Interplay Using Motion Energy Analysis
Citation Journal of Open Psychology, 2014; 2: 1:Nelson A, Grahe J, Ramseyer F, Serier K.. Pacific Lutheran University and University of Bern, Switzerland.
Description This publication shares and contextualizes data resulting from an investigation examining the interplay between dyadic rapport and consequential behavior-mirroring. Researchers asked novel questions exploring how dyads' perceived responsibility, sex make-up, and experience of cognitive load impacted the rapport / synchrony relationship. These data possess strong reuse potential for theorists interested in dyadic processes and are especially pertinent to questions about dyad agreement and interpersonal perception / behavior association relationships.
Faculty Jon Grahe is a professor at Pacific Lutheran University and Fabian Ramseyer is a researcher at the University Hospital of Psychiatry in Bern, Switzerland.
Student Nelson, who has recently graduated from Pacific Lutheran University, was a senior psychology major while completing this work. Serier, now a prospective graduate student, was a senior at Pacific Lutheran University when this research was conducted.
Funding A portion of this investigation was funded by the Severtson / Forest Foundation Undergraduate Research Grant, which was awarded to Nelson by Pacific Lutheran University during the 2012/2013 academic year.

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Recorded at: 2/27/2015
Title Gender differences in the role of alexithymia and emotional expressivity in disordered eating
Citation Personality and Individual Differences., 2014; 71: 60-65, Perry RM, Hayaki J.. College of the Holy Cross
Description The present study examined gender differences in the role of alexithymia and emotional expressivity in symptoms of bulimia nervosa (BN) in an undergraduate sample. Results demonstrated that, for women, emotional expressivity was the sole unique predictor of BN symptoms, whereas only alexithymia predicted BN symptoms. These findings suggest that facets of emotion regulation influence symptoms of BN differently for women and men.
Faculty Jumi Hayaki is an associate professor of psychology.
Student Raechel Perry is a Clinical Research Associate in the Department of Head and Neck/Thoracic Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, MA.

( 26 )

Recorded at: 7/9/2014
Title The terror of pregnancy: The origin of ambivalent attitudes
Citation Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research., 2013; 18: 4:176-183, Fredman LA, Prohaska V.. City University of New York - Lehman College
Description Both Terror Management Theory (TMT) and Ambivalent Sexism Theory (AST) offer explanations of people’s ambivalence and prejudice towards pregnant women. Extensions of each theory were examined: Negative attitudes towards menstrual blood were found to be similar to attitudes towards semen. But priming the similarities of humans and animals did not produce the expected increased offensiveness and lower competence evaluations of a pregnant woman. Overall, AST may provide a stronger conceptual framework for the explanation of ambivalent attitudes towards pregnant women than TMT.
Faculty Vincent Prohaska is an associate professor of psychology.
Student This project was Leah Fredman’s undergraduate Honors Project in Psychology. Leah is currently enrolled in the doctoral program in Social Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin.
Funding This project was supported by a Psi Chi/Association for Psychological Science Summer Research Grant awarded to Leah.

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Recorded at: 4/3/2014
Title The Media and Technology Usage and Attitudes Scale: An empirical investigation
Citation Computers in Human Behavior, 2013; 29: 6:2501-2511, Rosen LD, Whaling K, Carrier LM, Cheever NA, Rokkum J. California State University, Dominguez Hills
Description The present study developed and tested a comprehensive measurement tool for assessing up-to-date media and technology use plus attitudes toward technology and preference for task switching. This validated scale provides a common metric for researchers studying the impact of smartphones, tablets, social media and emerging technologies.
Faculty Larry D. Rosen is a professor of psychology and past chair of the psychology department.
Student Kelly Whaling is currently pursuing her master's degree at California State University, Northridge. Jeff Rokkum is currently pursuing his master's degree at California State University, Dominguez Hills and is in the process of applying to doctoral programs.
Funding Kelly Whaling was supported by the National Institutes of Health Minority Access to Research Careers Undergraduate Student Training in Academic Research Program (MARC U⁄STAR Grant No. GM008683).

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Recorded at: 4/3/2014
Title PATH: A Program to Build Resilience and Thriving in Undergraduates
Citation Journal of Applied Social Psychology., 2013; 43: 2169-2184, Gerson MW, Fernandez, N.. California Lutheran University
Description We developed and tested a brief three-session program to build resilience and thriving in undergraduates by teaching adaptive explanatory styles that emphasize personal responsibility. A pretest-posttest waiting list control experiment with 28 undergraduates (Study 1) found that our Program for Accelerated Thriving and Health (PATH) significantly increased optimistic and personal control explanatory styles, resilience, and thriving, and a placebo control experiment with 63 undergraduates (Study 2) found a modified version of the program to significantly increase resilience.
Faculty Marylie Gerson is a professor of psychology.
Student Nathaniel Fernandez was engaged in the research during his junior and senior years. Nathaniel is currently enrolled in a psychology PhD program at Fuller Theological Seminary.
Funding The research was supported in part by a CLU summer undergraduate research fellowship (SURF) which was awarded to Nathaniel following his junior year.

( 29 )

Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title NMDA receptor antagonism with MK-801 impairs consolidation and reconsolidation of passive avoidance conditioning in adolescent rats: Evidence for a state dependent reconsolidation effect
Citation Neurobiology of Learning and Memory., 2013; 101: 114-119, Flint Jr RW, Noble LJ, Ulmen AR.. The College of Saint Rose
Description A series of 3 experiments with adolescent rats demonstrated that 1) MK-801 disrupted consolidation of a new memory when administered immediately after training, 2) MK-801 disrupted reconsolidation of an old memory when administered immediately following a reminder treatment, and, 3) the MK-801-induced reconsolidation deficit could be attenuated by readministration of MK-801 at the time of testing, indicating that its effects on reconsolidation are state dependent.
Faculty Robert Flint is a professor of psychology and chair of the psychology department.
Student This series of experiments were conducted between 2009 and 2012. Lindsey is currently in her first year of the PhD program in neuroscience at the University of Texas-Dallas. Adam is in his second year of the PhD program in behavioral neuroscience at Kent State University.
Funding This research was supported, in part, by a Scholars and Artists grant from The College of Saint Rose awarded to Rob Flint.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Differential Treatment Response to Mindful Eating vs. Distraction during Food Exposure in Eating Disordered Clients: A Preliminary Investigation
Citation International Journal of Eating Disorders., 2013; 1: Marek,R.J., Ben-Porath, D.D., Federici, A., Wisniewski, L., & Warren, M.. John Carroll University
Description The current objective in this study was to empirically compare mindfulness vs. thought suppression invention during a food exposure in both a clinical and non-clinical sample. Results indicated that the eating disorder group reported a significant increase in negative affect after the mindfulness intervention as compared to the distraction intervention, whereas the non-clinical group reported a significant decrease in negative affect after the mindfulness intervention as compared to the distraction intervention. This area of treatment is highly significant given that no one has yet to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness during food exposures in those with an eating disorder.
Faculty Denise Ben-Porath is an associate professor of psychology at John Carroll University.
Student In 2011-2012 Ryan completed an independent research thesis with Dr. Denise Ben-Porath in the area of eating disorders. That same year he completed an additional independent studies that was mentored by Dr. John Yost in the psychology department. He also pursued two additional research-based internships within clinical psychology that were offered through John Carroll. Ryan is currently pursing his Ph.D. in clinical psychology and minoring in quantitative methodology at Kent State University. His current research focuses on personality assessment in spine surgery candidates, bariatric surgery candidates, and eating disorder patients.
Funding N/A

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Working memory loads affect location-based negative priming differently than inhibition of return
Citation Journal of Cognitive Psychology., 2013; 25: 4:473-492, Kahan TA., Oldak VA., Lichtman AS.. Bates College
Description Peaople respond more slowly to information when it is presented in a location that was previously ignored (an effect called location-based negative priming) or attended (an effect called inhibition of return). This research clearly shows that these two effects, though similar, are dissociable from one another.
Faculty Todd Kahan is a professor and chair of the psychology department at Bates College
Student Victoria and Andrea worked on this research while they were undergraduates at Bates College.
Funding NA

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Perceptual interactions between primes, masks, and targets: Further evidence for object updating
Citation Visual Cognition., 2013; 21: 1:123-138, Kahan TA, Chokshi NS.. Bates College
Description The negative compatibility effect is the finding that, under certain conditions, responses to visual targets are faster when preceded by mismatching visual stimuli than when preceded by visual stimuli that match the target. This counterintutive effect now appears to be caused, at least in part, by facilitation resulting from perceptual interactions between the visually presented stimuli. The current research neatly teases apart the ways in which perceptual aspects of the stimuli contribute to this effect.
Faculty Todd Kahan is a professor and chair of the psychology department at Bates College
Student Niraj worked on this research while he was an undergraduate student at Bates College.
Funding NA

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Prospective Teachers' Awareness and Expression of Emotions: Associations with Proposed Strategies for Behavioral Management in the Classroom
Citation Psychology in the Schools., 2013; 50: 5:471-488, Garner, PW, Moses, LK, Waajid, B. George Mason University
Description This research examined whether prospective teachers’ emotion regulation styles, empathy, and conceptions of student emotion were predictive of their attitudes about bullying and proposed responses to peer conflict. Participants perceived physical bullying as more serious than verbal and relational bullying. They also expressed higher levels of sympathy for student victims of physical bullying. Valuing emotional competence and the role of teachers in supporting its development were meaningfully associated with expressed support for victims and with proposed responses to the perpetrators of this type of classroom aggression. Interestingly, prospective teachers who reported higher levels of sympathy for victims also reported that they would be more likely than their counterparts to intervene on their behalf.
Faculty Pamela Garner is an Associate Professor of Childhood Studies at George Mason University.
Student This data for this study were collected in the Fall of 2011. She is currently employed as a counselor at City-Year in Washington DC
Funding The research was funded by the Center for Consciousness and Transformation at George Mason University, which provided an undergraduate research award to Laurence.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Revisiting Kazdin (1980): Contemporary Treatment Acceptability for Problem Behavior in Children
Citation International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 2013; 13: 2:225-231, Diller JW, Brown RM, Patros CHG.. Eastern Connecticut State University
Description This study (a replication of a 1980 study by Kazdin) evaluated the acceptability of four treatments for problem behavior in children by board certified behavior analysts and by college students. This study found differing levels of acceptability for these treatments (drug, shock, reinforcement, timeout) between students and trained behavior analysts.
Faculty James Diller is an Assistant Professor of Psychology.
Student Robert is in the process of completing his master's degree in organizational management at Eastern Connecticut State University. Connor is currently enrolled in the doctoral training program in clinical psychology at Oklahoma State University.
Funding This project was funded by a Liberal Arts Work! grant awarded to James.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Beauty beyond compare: Effects of context extremity and categorization on hedonic contrast.
Citation Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance., 2013; 39: 1:16-22, Cogan E, Parker S, Zellner DA.. Montclair State University
Description Hedonic contrast occurs in ratings of the attractiveness of faces (i.e., attractive females are rated as more attractive if rated after unattractive ones and unattractive females are rated as less attractive if rated after attractive ones). This contrast effect can be eliminated if extremely attractive females are rated with unattractive females unless subjects are told that these two sets of females are all members of the same category (a choir). These results parallel findings in intensity judgments in which stimuli that are too different on the dimension being judged are not compared and contrast does not occur. However, thinking of them as belonging together results in a contrast even in these extremely different stimuli.
Faculty Scott Parker is a professor of psychology at American University. Debra Zellner is a professor of psychology at Montclair State University.
Student Elizabeth Cogan, a senior psychology major, conducted this research as her psychology honors thesis. Elizabeth is currently in a doctoral program in psychology at the University of Michigan.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Multiple paths to transfer and constraint relaxation in insight problem solving
Citation Thinking & Reasoning., 2013; 19: 96-136, Kershaw, TC, Flynn CK, Gordon LT.. University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
Description In two experiments participants received various training methods designed to relax constraints present in the Four-Tree problem (deBono, 1967), a difficult insight problem. Geometry misconceptions were corrected via direct instruction. Participants’ difficulty with developing three-dimensional representations was addressed via spontaneous analogical transfer (Experiment 1) or via cued analogical transfer (Experiment 2). We found that while both training methods were effective, alleviating multiple constraints was more effective than the alleviation of single constraints via training programs (c.f. Kershaw & Ohlsson, 2004). Providing single difficulty hints was ineffective in promoting solution. Implications for multiple paths to transfer (Nokes, 2009; Nokes & Ohlsson, 2005) and multiple constraints are discussed.
Faculty Trina C. Kershaw is an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.
Student Leamarie T. Gordon completed Experiment 2 as an independent study between September 2008 and May 2009. Lea is currently in a doctoral program in psychology at Tufts University.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title The effects of short-term exposure to an endocrine disrupter on behavioral consistency in juvenile and adult male Siamese fighting fish
Citation Archives Environmental Contamination Toxicology, 2012; 64: 316-326, Dzieweczynski TL and Hebert OL. University of New England
Description The study examined the effects of an endocrine disrupter on behavioral consistency and individual variation in male Siamese fighting fish. Both courtship and aggression were affected on multiple levels. In addition, juveniles were more susceptible to the effects of the endocrine disrupter than adults. The results suggest that, not only does life stage of exposure matter, but that individuals may differ in their sensitivity to exposure as well.
Faculty Teresa Dzieweczynski is an associate professor of animal behavior in the department of psychology.
Student Olivia performed this work while on a summer fellowship from the College of Arts and Sciences and will be starting in the physical therapy program at Duke University in the fall.
Funding The research was supported by a fellowship from the UNE CAS for Olivia.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Reproductive state but not recent aggressive experience influences behavioral consistency in male Siamese fighting fish
Citation Acta Ethologica, 2013; 16: 31-40, Dzieweczynski TL and Forrette LM. University of New England
Description The article is a component of Dr. Dzieweczynski's main research line addressing the causes, mechanisms and consequences of individual variation in behavior in male Siamese fighting fish. The current study found that recent, short-term aggressive altercations did not affect behavioral consistency and suggests that these behavioral differences may be innate in this species.
Faculty Teresa Dzieweczynski is an associate professor of animal behavior in the department of psychology.
Student Lindsay has a summer research fellowship in animal behavior and will be applying for graduate programs this upcoming year.
Funding The research was funded by a UNE mini grant.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Student perceptions of undergraduate teaching assistants
Citation Teaching of Psychology, 2013; 40: 48-51, Filz, T., & Gurung, R. A. R.. University of Wisconsin-Green Bay
Description This article studies how undergraduate teaching assistants are perceived by students and identifies factors that relate to higher satisfaction with TAs. TAs are used across America but little research focuses on best practices fro training TAs and what works best.
Faculty Psychology
Student Tonya Filz completed this work in 2011 and 2012 and is now in graduate school at Auburn University. WOrk started while she was a TA.
Funding None

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title The Effects of Cell Phone Conversations on the Attention and Memory of Bystanders
Citation PLOS ONE., 2013; 8: 3:Galván VV, Vessal RS, Golley MT.. University of San Diego
Description In this study, participants either overheard a one-sided (cell phone) conversation or a typical (two-sided) conversation. Participants only overheard the conversation one time and were unaware that the conversation was part of the study. Results revealed that participants who overheard the one-sided conversation found the conversation more distracting and annoying. They also remembered more words from the conversation and were more confident in some of their answers on a surprise memory test. This is the first study to use a 'naturalistic' situation to show that overhearing a cell phone conversation is a uniquely intrusive and memorable event.
Faculty Veronica V. Galván is an assistant professor in the department of Psychological Sciences.
Student Rosa S. Vessal is a senior psychology major and volunteered as a research assistant. Matthew T. Golley conducted this study as a senior psychology student for credit through his home university, D'Youville College. Mat is currently a graduate student in clinical psychology at Palo Alto University.
Funding This research was funded by a Faculty Research Grant.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Using Message Framing to Promote Social Support in Depression: When Misery Makes Better Company
Citation Psychological Studies., 2012; 0: DOI: 10.1007/s12646-012-0173-7, Detweiler-Bedell JB, Detweiler-Bedell B, Baugher A, Cohen M, Robertson J. Lewis & Clark College
Description Two studies investigated how message framing influences perceptions of providing social support to someone diagnosed with depression. Participants evaluated a depression support center website, which emphasized either the rewards of volunteering to help individuals suffering from depression (gain-framed) or the drawbacks of not volunteering (loss-framed). One week later, participants read a vignette about a friend suffering from depression (S1) or interacted with an individual they believed to be depressed (S2). Participants exposed to the gain-framed website expressed stronger intentions to help the friend (S1) and indicated greater willingness to engage in follow-up interactions with the depressed individual (S2) compared to participants exposed to the loss-framed website. These findings have implications for increasing the provision of social support to depressed individuals.
Faculty Jerusha Detweiler-Bedell and Brian Detweiler-Bedell are associate professors of psychology.
Student This research was conducted from 2007-2009 in collaboration with the Behavioral Health and Social Psychology research lab at Lewis & Clark College. The research took place during the academic year as well as during the summers. Amy Baugher is finishing her MPH degree at Emory University 's Rollins School of Public Health. Melanie Cohen is working at Apple Inc. with small and medium businesses in the Seattle area and is taking a Project Management certification course through the University of Washington. Julie Robertson recently completed her MPH and MSW at Portland State University and is the Senior Research Assistant at the Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative.
Funding Support for this research was provided by the National Science Foundation’s Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement program (0737399) and Lewis & Clark College’s John S. Rogers Science Research Program.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Benefit or burden? Attraction in cross-sex friendship.
Citation Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2012; 29: 5:569-596, Bleske-Rechek A, Somers E, Micke C, Erickson L, Matteson L, Stocco C, Schumacher B, Ritchie L.. University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
Description We propose that, because cross-sex friendships are a historically recent phenomenon, men’s and women’s evolved mating strategies impinge on their friendship experiences. In our first study involving pairs of friends, emerging adult males reported more attraction to their friend than emerging adult females did, regardless of their own or their friend’s current relationship status. In our second study, both emerging and middle-aged adult males and females nominated attraction to their cross-sex friend as a cost more often than as a benefit. Our findings implicate attraction in cross-sex friendship as both common and of potential negative consequence for individuals’ long-term mateships.
Faculty Dr. April Bleske-Rechek is an associate professor of Psychology.
Student Somers, Micke, Erickson, and Ritchie participated in the research as an ongoing faculty/student collaborative project. Matteson, Stocco, and Schumacher participated as part of the UWEC McNair Scholars program, which helps eligible students prepare for and enter graduate programs leading to the PhD. All the students are either pursuing graduate degrees or in the workforce.
Funding Partial support was provided by UWEC’s Office of Research and Sponsored Programs.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title The effect of music videos on college students' perceptions of rape
Citation College Student Journal, 2012; 46: 4:748-763, Burgess MCR, Burpo S.. Southwestern Oklahoma State University
Description This study examined the effect of sexualized and objectified portrayals of musical artists in music videos on college students ' perceptions of rape. Generally, the highly sexualized/objectified videos led to decreased judgments of the perpetrator 's guilt and less sympathy for the victim.
Faculty Melinda Burgess is a professor of psychology at Southwestern Oklahoma State University.
Student Sandra Burpo was a senior psychology major when she began this project as a response to a class discussion in her Psychology of Women course. She has since earned her Master 's Degree and is working as a counselor
Funding No funding was provided for this work.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Don’t ask, don’t tell and other LGB civil rights issues: Effects of terminology on public opinion
Citation Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 2012; 24: 331-345, Nadler, JT, Will, K, Lowery, M R, Smith, K.. Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
Description Two polls conducted by CBS News found support for homosexuals serving in the military varied with greater support for “gays and lesbians” compared to “homosexuals.” Two experimental studies were conducted to further examine the effect of terminology on reported support for homosexual civil rights issues. Sexual orientation was described using the terms “gay men and lesbians,” “homosexuals,” “gay men,” or “lesbians.” Percentage differences were found to be greater than those reported in the CBS polls, as wording choice had an effect on reported openness regarding homosexual civil rights. These differences indicate that it is important to consider precise terminology usage when measuring opinions.
Faculty Joel Nadler is an associate professor at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (SIUE), and Meghan Lowery is an industrial organizational psychologist who manages the survey department at Psychological Associates in the Saint Louis area.
Student Kendra Will and Kirsten Smith were both undergraduate junior psychology majors at SIUE and participated in the study design, data collection, and manuscript production as a part of their undergraduate independent study. Kendra Will is currently a senior at SIUE and Kirsten Smith is currently enrolled in the SIUE Clinical Adult Psychology Masters program.
Funding This research was supported by the SIUE psychology department.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title A measure of family eating habits: Initial psychometric properties using the Profile Pattern Approach (PPA)
Citation Eat Behav., 2013; 14: 1:7-12, Klempel N, Wilson M, Kim S-K, Annunziato R.. Fordham University
Description Although it seems likely that family characteristics and eating habits are a major factor in the development of eating behaviors, there are no self-report measures that examine how individuals view their family’s eating habits. Therefore, drawing from Social Learning Theory, the purpose of the present study is to develop a measure, the Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ), of familial eating patterns from the offspring perspective. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the FEHQ was established. Significant associations were found between the FEHQ and the Eating Inventory, indicating convergent validity for the FEHQ. Further validation was conducted using a novel statistical technique, the profile pattern approach (PPA).
Faculty Rachel Annunziato is an assistant professor of psychology. Se-Kang Kim is an associate professor of psychology.
Student Natalie Klempel initiated this research for her senior honors thesis in psychology. She is currently in a doctoral program at Hofstra University.
Funding Fordham University

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title The psychosocial challenges of solid organ transplant recipients during childhood
Citation Pediatr Transplant., 2012; 16: 7:803-811, Annunziato RA, Jerson B, Seidel J, Glenwick D.. Fordham University
Description A large proportion of pediatric solid organ transplant recipients are young children yet dedicated studies on the challenges faced by these patients are sparse. The present paper aims to provide a summary of key considerations for pediatric solid organ transplant teams describing what challenges are more likely for younger patients and how they might identify and address these circumstances. Our findings suggest that the mental health of patients and caregivers, issue at school, neurocognitive difficulties, and self-management are areas of particular relevance for children. We offer several recommendations that stem from these identified areas of concern.
Faculty Rachel Annunziato is an assistant professor of psychology.
Student As a senior psychology major, Jordan Seidel participated in this unfunded project as independent research. She is currently attending a Master’s degree program at New York University.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Parenting styles and practices among Chinese immigrant mothers with young children
Citation Early Child Development and Care., 2012; 182: 1:1-21, Chen JJ-L, Chen T, Zheng X X.. Kean University
Description The study investigated how Chinese immigrant mothers in the U.S. make meaning of their parenting styles and practices in rearing their young children (aged two to six). Twelve Chinese immigrant mothers were interviewed. A key finding reveals that the Chinese immigrant mothers’ parenting practices reflected the indigenous concept of jiaoyang in the Chinese culture (with jiao meaning educating, teaching and training; yang meaning rearing; and jiaoyang implying educating and rearing). Another finding is that except for one mother, the rest practiced authoritative parenting, combining high levels of both parental warmth and parental control.
Faculty Jennifer Jun-Li Chen is an associate professor of early childhood and family studies.
Student Both seniors, Tianying Chen majoring in mathematics and Xiao Xian Zheng in elementary education, participated in the research during the summer of 2008. Tianying and Xiao Xian are currently employed.
Funding The research was supported by a Students Partnering with Faculty research award given to the three authors from Kean University.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title The idea of money counteracts ego depletion effects
Citation J Exp Soc Psyc., 2012; 48: 4:804-810, Boucher HC, Kofos M.. Bates College
Description Two experiments showed that activating the concept of money counteracts the ego depletion effect (whereby one act of self-control, by drawing on a limited resource, makes further self-control more difficult). Experiment 2 showed that this effect is due to the idea of money reducing both the subjective difficulty and effort required onsubsequent self-control.
Faculty Helen Boucher is an associate professor of psychology.
Student Experiment 1 was conducted as Monthe Kofos' senior thesis, completed in 2010. He is a counselor in the inpatient unit of Marlborough UMASS Memorial Hospital.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Measuring preschoolers’ superstitious tendencies
Citation Behav Processes., 2012; 90: Sheehan KJ, Van Reet J, Bloom CM.. Providence College
Description A computerized method for measuring superstitious tendencies in preschoolers was developed. In two studies, children were asked to tap to make a target image appear. Tapping behavior increased during sensory stimulus, eliciting superstitious tendencies in 88% and 89% of participants.
Faculty Jennifer Van Reet is an assistant professor of psychology. Christopher Bloom is an associate professor of psychology.
Student Kelly is currently in a doctoral program in psychology at Northwestern University.
Funding This research was supported by two Undergraduate Research Grants awarded to Kelly by Providence College and Psi Chi and by grants from the RI-INBRE program.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Toward a better understanding of the relationship between friendship and happiness
Citation J Happiness Stud., 2012; 13: DOI 10.1007/s10902-012-9341-7, Demir M, Davidson I.. Northern Arizona University
Description In this study (n = 4,382) the roles of perceived responses to capitalization attempts, perceived mattering to and satisfaction of basic psychological needs in same-sex best friendships in happiness among men and women were investigated. Findings showed that although all of the friendship variables were positively associated with happiness to varying degrees, basic needs satisfaction emerged as the strongest predictor of happiness. Additional analyses revealed that competence need satisfaction was the most important need predicting happiness. Importantly, these findings were gender invariant.
Faculty Meliksah Demir is an assistant professor of psychology.
Student Ingrid Davidson completed this study in 2012. She is attending Colorado State University, pursuing a M.Ed. in Counseling and Career Development, with School and College counseling emphases.
Funding Ingrid received a grant from the NAU Hooper Undergraduate Research Award program to conduct this research.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Lack of long‐term fMRI differences after multiple sports-related concussions
Citation Brain Injury., 2012; 0: Terry DP, Faraco CC, Smith D, Diddams MJ, Puente AN, Miller LS.. University of Georgia, Athens, GA
Description This study looked at the relative impact of multiple concussions on healthy young (college‐aged) athletes. It found no negative impact on cognition from having two or more concussions at this time in their lives. The study is significant given the high level of public concern over concussions in developing athletes.
Faculty Dr. L. Stephen Miller is Professor of Psychology and the Director of the Bioimaging Research Center at the University of Georgia.
Student Devin Smith worked in Dr. Miller’s lab starting the fall semester of 2007 through the spring semester of 2009. He participated in the research through undergraduate Honors research courses. He became most actively involved in the project starting the summer of 2008, and under Dr. Miller’s direction completed an undergraduate Honors thesis as a component of this larger study during the spring of 2009. Devin graduated in May 2009 with a double major in Psychology and Biology, and is currently a fourth year medical student at the Medical College of Georgia.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Trait self-esteem moderates decreases in self-control following rejection: An information processing account
Citation European Journal of Personality., 2012; 26: 123-132, vanDellen MR, Knowles ML, Krusemark E, Sabet RF, Campbell WK, McDowell JE, Clementz BA.. University of Georgia, Athens, GA
Description This paper focuses on how trait self-esteem functions between social rejection and a decrease in self-control. The authors suggest an information-processing to explain how trait self-esteem serves as a moderator. The research ultimately indicated that rejection impairs self-control only for those with low self-esteem and when the task was not portrayed as diagnostic of social skills. Overall, these findings suggest that those with low self-esteem exert more self-control when they think the task measures social skills.
Faculty Dr. Michelle vanDellen is Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Georgia.
Student Raha Sabet assisted with the collection of data for several of the studies that make up this paper in the fall of 2009 through the fall of 2010 by taking undergraduate Psychology research course. Raha also completed a senior honors thesis in the fall and spring of 2010-2011 while working on this paper. Raha graduated in May 2011 with a major in Psychology and currently works at the Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University as a research assistant on the Incredible Years for Teachers Department of Education funded project. This fall she will be applying to Clinical Psychology programs with the intent to continue research in thought and emotion regulation.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title The Presence of a Therapy Dog Results in Improved Object Recognition Performance in Preschool Children
Citation Anthrozoös, 2012; 25: 289-300, Gee, N. R., Belcher, J., Grabski, J., DeJesus, M. & Riley, W.. State University of New York, Fredonia
Description This study of 20 preschool children was designed to determine whether the presence of a dog would have an impact on their object recognition memory performance. Each child served as his/her own control and was tested with a varying number distracters, both with a dog present and with a human present. Results showed that the children performed the task faster and more accurately in the presence of a dog relative to a human. The authors concluded that these effects result from increased focus and/or motivation resulting from the dog’s presence.
Faculty Dr. Nancy R. Gee is a Professor of Psychology.
Student This work was conducted during the academic year 2009-2010 as an independent study project. In 2012 Jonell Belcher graduated from the University of Denver with an MSW in Animal Assisted Therapy and Clinical Social Work. Jennifer Grabski is in her third year of the PsyD program in School Psychology at Alfred University. Whitney Riley graduated from SUNY Fredonia in June 2012 and is currently pursuing an M.S. Ed. in Community Mental Health Counseling at St. Bonaventure University. Michael DeJesus, another 2012 SUNY Fredonia graduate, is pursuing graduate studies at the University of Rochester.
Funding This research was partially supported by a SUNY Fredonia Summer Seed Grant Award to the first author.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Preschoolers Categorize Animate Objects Better in the Presence of a Dog
Citation Anthrozoös, 2012; 25: 187-198, Gee, N. R., Gould, J. K., Swanson, C. C., & Wagner, A. K.. State University of New York, Fredonia
Description Seventeen preschool children were asked to categorize Animate and Inanimate objects into two environments (farm/ocean) in each of three Collaborator conditions (Real Dog/Stuffed Dog/ Human). There was a main effect of animation such that the children more accurately categorized Animate (e.g., cow) than Inanimate (e.g., tractor) exemplars. Notably, the impact of animation was significant in the presence of the Real Dog, but not in the presence of the Stuffed Dog or Human, indicating that the presence of the Real Dog served as a highly salient stimulus which encouraged the children to focus more of their attention on other animate objects.
Faculty Dr. Nancy R. Gee is a Professor of Psychology.
Student This work was conducted during 2010 as an independent study project. Jared Gould graduated from the MBA program of Canisius College in June 2012. Chad Swanson completed a Masters in School Psychology degree at Alfred University in 2011 and is currently pursuing a PsyD in School Psychology at the same institution. Ashley Wagner received a Masters of Education in Counseling with a Certificate of Advanced Study from Alfred University in June 2012, with special focus on the factors of resiliency in the a rural area.

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Recorded at: 12/5/2013
Title Accountability reduces unconscious plagiarism
Citation Applied Cognitive Psychology., 2012; 26: 626-634, Weidler BJ, Multhaup KS, Faust ME.. Davidson College
Description Participants completed a Boggle task with a computer partner. Accountable participants were told that they would review their puzzle solutions with the researcher at the end of the session. Accountable participants plagiarized less than control participants. [This study was picked up by a Wall Street Journal blog:http://blogs.wsj.com/ideas-market/2012/06/06/reducing-i-mixed-up-my-notes-plagiarism/]
Faculty Kristi Multhaup is a professor of psychology. Mark Faust is an associate professor of psychology.
Student Blaire is currently in a doctoral program in cognitive psychology at Washington University in St. Louis.
Funding This research was supproted by an Abernethy grant (Davidson College) awarded to Blaire and a Faculty Study & Research grant (Davidson College) to KM.

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Recorded at: 9/10/2012
Title Prospective Associations between Religiousness/Spirituality and Depression and Mediating Effects of Forgiveness in a Nationally Representative Sample of United States Adults
Citation Depression Research and Treatment, 2012; 2012: Toussaint LL, Marschall JC, Williams DR.. Luther College
Description This article employs the use of a nationally representative sample of United States adults while examining the extent to which religiousness/spirituality are associated with diagnosed clinical depression across time. Forgiveness was explored as a possible mediator of these associations. Results showed that religiousness/spirituality, forgiveness of oneself and others, and feeling forgiven by God were associated, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, with depressive status. Further, forgiveness of others acts as a mechanism of the salutary effect of religiousness/spirituality; forgiveness of oneself is an independent predictor.
Faculty Dr. Loren Toussaint, associate professor of psychology at Luther College, served as the primary faculty advisor for this project. Harvard University professor, David Williams (Department of Society, Human Development, and Health; Department of African and African American Studies; Department of Sociology), also contributed.
Student Then Luther College senior, Justin Marschall assisted on the project. Throughout his time at Luther, Marschall frequently collaborated with Toussaint contributing to 17 different research projects over the course of two and a half years. Toussaint’s Laboratory for the Investigation of Mind, Body, and Spirit, is made up of about a dozen other students. Marschall graduated Luther College in 2012 with a major in psychology and a minor in music. In August of 2012, Marschall will begin a PhD program at Iowa State University studying social psychology.
Funding This study was supported by the Fetzer Institute, Grant T32-MH16806 from the National Institute of Mental Health, and by a Faculty Research Grant from the University of Michigan.

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Recorded at: 9/10/2012
Title Optimizing honor codes for online exam administration
Citation Eth & Beh., 2012; 22: 2:1-5, Gurung RAR, Wilhelm TM, Filz T.. University of Wisconsin-Green Bay
Description This study examined self-reported academic dishonesty at a mid-sized public university. Students (N = 492) rated the likelihood they would cheat after accepting to abide by each of eight honor code pledges before internet based assignments and examinations. The statements were derived from honor pledges used by different universities across the United States and varied in length, formality, and the extent to which the statements included consequences for academic dishonesty. Longer, formal honor codes with consequences were associated with a lower likelihood to cheat. Results showed a significant three-way interaction and suggest how to best design honor codes.
Faculty Department of Psychology
Student Tiffany is currently in the doctoral program at Marquette University. Tonya starts graduate work at Auburn University this fall.
Funding NA

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title Depth preference in zebrafish (Danio rerio): Control by surface and substrate cues
Citation Anim Behv., 2012; 83: 953-959, Blaser RE, Goldsteinholm K.. University of San Diego
Description Depth preference of zebrafish was measured using a modified visual cliff apparatus. Zebrafish expressed a preference for the deeper side of a tank when they could escape to the deeper side, but also when one side only appeared deeper using a visual cliff illusion. Fish expressed no preference for locations in which they could approach the substrate, indicating that escape from the surface, rather than approach to the substrate, motivates fear-induced diving in zebrafish.
Faculty Rachel Blaser is an assistant professor of psychology.
Student Kelly Goldsteinholm is currently a junior psychology major, and assisted with the research during her sophomore year for course credit. She is planning to apply to graduate programs in clinical psychology following graduation.
Funding The study was supported by a University of San Diego faculty research grant.

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title The effects of model, lead, and test and a reward to teach a preschool student with a disability to identify colors
Citation Acad Res Int., 2012; 2: 1:Shouse H, Weber, KP, McLaughlin, TF, Riley, S. Gonzaga University
Description The present study evaluated the effects of model, lead, and test plus rewards on teaching a preschool student colors. The effects of these intervention were evaluated in a single case research design. The participant increased his skills in naming colors.
Faculty Full Professors Department of Special Education
Student This work was completed in the Spring of 2010. She carried out this research as part of her coursework for an Endorsement in Special Education from Gonzaga University and the State of Washington during her senior year. Heather Shouse is currently working on her graduate degree in speech and language at Colorado State University.
Funding None

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title The effects of using reading racetracks for teaching of sight words to three third-grade students with learning disabilities.
Citation Edu Res Quart., 2012; 35: 3:50-66, McGrath G, McLaughlin TF, Derby KM, Bucknell W. Gonzaga University
Description The effects of a drill and practice procedure called reading racetracks was employed to teach three students with learning disabilities sight words. The effects were evaluated in an ABAB design. Reading racetracks were an effective intervention for these students.
Faculty Department of Special Education
Student This study was conducted in the Spring of 2010. It was completed as part of an Endorsement in Special Education by Greg McGrath during his student teacherGreg McGrath is a special education teacher in Spokane Public Schools and is completing his M. Ed. in special education from Gonzaga University. T. F. McLaughlin and K. Mark Derby is a full professorsin the Department of Special Education at Gonzaga University. Wendy Bucknell is a special education teacher in Central Valley School District at Greenacres Elementary School.
Funding There was no funding provided for this research.

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title “Nice guys finish last”: influence of mate choice on reproductive success in Long-Evans rats.
Citation Physiol Behav., 2012; 105: 868-876, Winland C, Bolton JL, Ford B, Jampana S, Tinker J, Frohardt RJ, Guarraci FA, Zewail-Foote M.. Southwestern University
Description The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between physiology and mating behavior, and how these relationships predict reproductive success in Long-Evans rats. Mating behavior was observed in female rats that were given the opportunity to mate with two males simultaneously. Behavioral and physiological measures were assessed for each pair of potential fathers and DNA paternity was assigned for each pup. Our results show that although one male rat in each pair was preferred by a female rat, none of the measures tested (e.g., urinary testosterone, testicular weight, mating behavior) predicted which male had a reproductive advantage.
Faculty Maha Zewail-Foote is associate professor of Biochemistry. Fay Guarraci is an associate professor of Psychology.Russell Frohardt is an associate professor of psychology at St. Edward’s University.
Student Psychology majors, Carissa Winland and Sumith Jampana, and Animal Behavior majors, Jessica Bolton, Brittany Ford and Jade Tinker, conducted this research in 2010-2011 as part of their senior capstone projects. Carissa is currently a doctoral student at Georgetown University in Neuroscience. Jessica is currently a doctoral student at Duke University in Neuroscience and was awarded an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship. Brittany is employed as an environmental scientist at Conestoga-Rovers and Associates. Sumith is a graduate student at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. Jade is a graduate student at the University of Utah in Genetic Counseling.
Funding The research was supported by grants from the Associated Colleges of the South Andrew W. Mellon Faculty Renewal Program and the Andrew W. Mellon Integrated Scholarly Community Program.

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title Anderson. E., McLaughlin, T. F., Derby, K. M., & Williams, M. (2012). The effects of contingent rewards on the decrease of improper verbalizations of middle school students with learning disabilities. .
Citation Aca Res Int., 2012; 2: 1:Anderson E, McLaughlin TF, Derby KM, Williams M. Gonzaga University
Description The inappropriate verbalizations for two middle school students was examined. An ABABA single case research design was emploeyd. Access to basketball with the first author was employed as a consequence. The number of inappropriate verbalizations was reduced.
Faculty T. F. McLaughlin and K. Mark Derby are full professors in the Department of Special Education at Gonzaga University
Student Evan completed this research as partial fulfillment of the requirements for an Endorsement in Special Education at Gonzaga University. Evan Anderson is a graduate student in the Functional Analysis Track here at Gonzaga University. M. Williams is a special education public school teacher.
Funding No funding was provided for this work.

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title The relationship between spirituality and religiosity on psychological outcomes in adolescents and emerging adults: A meta-analytic review
Citation J of Adoles., 2011; 35: 299-314, Yonker JE, Schnabelrauch C, DeHaan LG.. Calvin College
Description The present study used meta-analytic techniques to examine the association between spirituality and religiosity (S/R) and psychological outcomes in adolescents and emerging adults. The outcome measures of risk behavior, depression, well-being, self-esteem, and personality were examined with respect to the influence of S/R across 75 independent studies encompassing 66,273 adolescents and emerging adults extracted from electronic databases between 1990 and 2010. Results show that S/R has a positive effect on psychological outcomes in adolescents and emerging adults.
Faculty Julie Yonker is an assistant professor of psychology. Laura DeHaan is a professor of psychology.
Student Chelsea Schnabelrauch, a senior psychology major, participated in this research as a summer research assistant. Chelsea is currently in a doctoral program in social psychology at Kansas State University.
Funding The research was supported by a Calvin Center for Christian Scholarship grant which was awarded to Julie and Laura.

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title In their own words: Mothering as a survivor of childhood sexual abuse
Citation Development & Psychopathology., 2012; 24: 2:537-552, Wright, M. O., Fopma-Loy, J., & Oberle, K.. Miami University Oxford Ohio
Description This article reviews past research on the parenting characteristics of childhood sexual abuse survivors and presents women’s perspectives on mothering as a survivor. The findings highlight the dynamic, multifaceted nature of recovery and resilience for these mothers and the need for an increased focus on parenting in counseling with child sexual abuse survivors. Provision of anticipatory guidance regarding commonly experienced stressors at varying stages of the child’s development and consideration of the mother’s stage of recovery and methods for coping with these challenges were identified as ways to promote parenting competence.
Faculty Professor Margaret O. Wright, Department of Psychology and Professor Joan Fopma-Loy, School of Nursing collaborated on this work.
Student Katherine Oberle (formerly Sebastian) worked in conjunction with the first two authors on this project. She received a Dean 's Scholar award for a component of this work and another aspect of this project also served as her Senior Honors Project in 2006. Katherine has now completed her Master 's degree in Marriage and Family Counseling and is currently working as a family counselor in Milwaukee, WI.
Funding This research was supported by Miami internal funding from the Dean’s Scholar Award and from the Honors Program.

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Recorded at: 7/12/2012
Title Emotional expression and control in school-age children in India and United States
Citation Merrill-Palmer Quarterly., 2012; 58: 1:50-76, Wilson, S., Raval, V. V., Raval, P. H., Salvina, J., & Panchal, I. N.. Miami University Oxford Ohio
Description This study compared school-age children’s reports of their decisions to control and communicate emotions and their rationales for doing so in India and United States. Findings indicated Indian children were less likely to report expressing negative emotions, and when they chose to express these feelings, they were less likely to employ direct verbal expression than US children. Indian children reported a desire to maintain social norms as a reason to control felt emotion, whereas U.S. children reported a desire to communicate felt emotion more than Indian children. The findings contribute to a culturally informed theory of emotional development in early to middle childhood, and inform the study of emotion dysregulation and child psychopathology, which has practical implications for children worldwide.
Faculty Vaishali Raval is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology.
Student The study reported in this article was Stephanie Wilson’s departmental senior honors thesis project, which was a part of a larger cross-cultural research study. The thesis was completed in 2008-09, and Stephanie received Undergraduate Research Award to assist with participant payment and travel and Undergraduate Presentation Award to present this research at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, an international conference. Stephanie is currently a doctoral student at the Chicago School for Professional Psychology specializing in multicultural clinical psychology. Jennifer Salvia assisted with this project and is now a graduate student at Spalding University in Applied Behavioral Analysis.
Funding Support provided by faculty start-up funds and by a Miami internal undergraduate research award.

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Recorded at: 6/13/2012
Title Public perceptions, knowledge and stigma towards people with schizophrenia
Citation J Pub Mental Health., 2011; 10: 1:45-56, Smith V, Reddy J, Foster K, Asbury ET, Brooks J.. Collin County Community College and Texas Woman 's University
Description The study used a social distance scale and a schizophrenia knowledge and attitudes survey to assess perceptions of 330 undergradutes, representing educated non-professionals, towards people with schizophrenia. Few studies address these issues.
Faculty Valerie Smith and professor and chair in social sciences at Endicott College; Kenneth Foster and Edward T. Asbury are assistant professors in psychology and philosophy at Texas Woman's University; and Jennifer Brooks is a professor at Collin County Community College.
Student Jairus Reddy is currently a graduate student in Molecular Biology at Texas Woman's University. He participated in the current work, conducted 2008-2010, as an undergraduate at Collin county Community College and then Texas Woman's University.
Funding This work was conducted without external funding.

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Recorded at: 6/13/2012
Title The meta-ethical grounding of our moral beliefs: Evidence for meta-ethical pluralism.
Citation Philosophical Psychology., 2011; 0: Wright JC, Grandjean PT, McWhite CB.. College of Charleston
Description Recent scholarship in moral psychology has explored whether people are objectivists or relativists and found people to be mixed: people are objectivists about some issues, but relativists about others. Worried that this pluralism was an artifact of previous methodology, our studies asked people to identify moral issues for themselves, hypothesizing that this would reveal them to be more globally objectivist. Yet, contrary to our hypothesis, even when allowed to self-identify moral issues, people remained meta-ethical pluralists. Why this might be was discussed.
Faculty Jen Cole Wright is an assistant professor of psychology.
Student Piper T. Grandjean and Cullen B. McWhite were psychology majors that volunteered in Dr. Wright’s research lab. Cullen is currently studying to get a second degree in Biology and has is applying to medical school. Piper is currently working full-time as a data analyst for WINGS, a non-profit after school program designed to promote socio-emotional skills in Charleston’s at-risk youth.

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Recorded at: 6/13/2012
Title Food dependence in rats selectively bred for low versus high saccharin intake: Implications for “food addiction.”
Citation Appetite., 2011; 57: 2:397-400, Yakovenko V, Speidel ER, Chapman CD, Dess NK.. Occidental College
Description Three experiments concerned the construct of “food addiction.” This concept implies that proneness to drug dependence and to food dependence should covary. The latter was studied in low- (LoS) and high- (HiS) saccharin-consuming rats, who differ in drug self-administration (HiS>LoS) and withdrawal (LoS>HiS). Sugary food intake in the first 1-2 hr was higher in HiS than LoS rats. Sugar intake predicted startle during abstinence only among LoS rats. These results may suggest bingeing-proneness in HiS rats and withdrawal-proneness among LoS rats. However, intake escalation and somatic withdrawal did not differ between lines. Further study with selectively bred rats, with attention to definitions and measures, is warranted.
Faculty Clinton Chapman and Nancy Dess are both faculty in the Department of Psychology at Occidental.
Student Veronica Yakovenko conducted two of the studies as a Fletcher-Jones Science Scholar. Elizabeth Speidel conducted the third study. They have been, respectively, teaching abroad and doing research since graduating with Honors in Psychology in 2010, and both plan to apply for doctoral programs in psychology.
Funding The research was supported by the Fletcher-Jones Science Scholar program at Occidental College and by the Dennis A. VanderWeele Student Research Fund.

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Recorded at: 6/13/2012
Title The audience effect: The influence of recipient sex and status on personalization and politeness strategies in e-mail.
Citation Journal of Language and Social Cognition, 2011; 30: 103-113, Knupsky, AC, Nagy-Bell, NM. Allegheny College
Description The present study examined the linguistic style of e-mails written in an educational setting. Sixty-six female undergraduates were asked to compose e-mails to a male or female peer or professor requesting study help for an upcoming exam. Results showed participants wrote significantly more personalized and polite e-mails to peers, although e-mails to professors displayed significantly more written complexity. The findings suggest more work is needed to determine how students negotiate e-mails to peers and professors.
Faculty Aimee Knupsky is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Allegheny College.
Student Natalie Nagy-Bell is an Allegheny College alumus who completed portions of the study for her senior comprehensive project. Natalie is currently an Employment Specialist at UPMC Corporate Services in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.